DESIGN, ARCHITECTURE

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Jellyfish Energy Efficiency

I have been doing some readings about jellyfish which several mechanical systems are inspired from. A very interesting point about them was discovered by Christian Sommer, a German marine-biology student who collected  a species known as Turritopsis dohrnii and kept his hydrozoans in petri dishes. After several days he noticed that his Turritopsis dohrnii refused to die and appeared to age in reverse, growing younger and younger until it reached its earliest stage of development, at which point it began its life cycle anew. But our focus about jellyfish is the claim that they may be the most energy-efficient animals in the world. Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts discovered that jellyfish swim using a dual-propulsion system that involves two vortices. As the first vortex pinches off, a second vortex forms, spinning in the opposite direction . When the animal relaxes its muscles and opens its bell, the stopping vortex moves up underneath the jellyfish, giving it a secondary push.

This is system that is developed to calculate the efficiency of their swim. To summarize they move maximum with minimum enery thanks to their structural features. By considering their move would work not only in water but also in the air, these findings made me think this performative feature can be implemented into buildings. The first glimpse into my mind was that, it could turn out to be an efficient way to use the the wind. It is all brainstorming. This is the moment that i wish i was also a scientist. So i started to work on a digital model by using the proportions of moon jellyfish since it is the most simple species. The definition has a lot to work on, but besides further reading, i had to get started to build it somehow to understand it better. aaaa2
P.s. There are bionic jellyfishes has already produced by researchers to use underwater researches with propulsion principle.

(Figure1) aa3

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Advanced Design and Digital Architecture // The Master Book // Gizem Akgün

I completed my book “Advanced Design and Digital Architecture” few months ago.  It contains the investigations, experiments and the findings that has been made in the progress of two modules that the master study is formed from, both focused on different approaches in design. I organized the index and the chapters to explain the philosophy clearly, to describe how each step links to the others. Each step provides a raw material to process for the next step, and the material evolves in each step to reach the emergent system that is able to answer for complex conditions.

With the order that I have attended to master course the first module which is called CODELAB is a process of understanding the principles of computer aided design and architecture, philosophy of parametric architecture and studying with advanced software. Second module which is called BIODELAB focuses on natural forms and geometries, biomimicry and translation of biological data to architecture by using complex parameters with advanced software.

Here there are few pages of hard copy of it.

Why Computational Design?

I came across of an interview of Patrik Schumacher (Zaha Hadid Architects) He is one of the architects that should be read by all architecture students. Even if you totally disagree he makes you think if there may be another ways to approach architecture. The question that was asked is simple. But it still remains as one of the main discussion subjects in architecture.

He was asked about the trend that computational design is becoming highly preferred to build a career by young architects. He said

“….what makes it more productive, and that’s mainly the capacity to create more complex arrangements where more different elements, different kinds of spaces, different functions can come together and can fit into complex types, which have, maybe, an odd geometry and this style allows the architecture to adapt to these complex conditions, and also, particulary complex internal relations, while at the same time, also creating a recognizable unity, you can recognize what belongs together, what leads to where, rather than in traditional architecture where if you put too many different things together, it will look like garbage, it will become a bit odd. But here, in one place, you have the capacity to create a more complex order which is also more legible.”

In my words, complexity of the systems in computational architecture emerges itself to handle different problems or to optimize the conditions for the most efficient and effective. I see that computational design and architecture have been taken as a trend, to create sophisticated forms by some young architects, but in contrast, it is a philosophy to handle complexity that we face today’s life by using technology and innovation.

Ross Lovegrove (Captain Organic)

Now here i will be talking about “captain organic” little bit.

6-DNA

As it is written in his bio in “TED Ross Lovegrove embraces nature as the inspiration for his “fat-free” design. Each object he creates — be it bottle, chair, staircase or car — is reduced to its essential elements. His pieces offer minimal forms of maximum beauty.” He is an industrial designer that is thrilled by nature as much as all my inspirational teachers.

One of the points that draw my attention and investigate more was the polymer furnitures that are made by injecting air in the material.

Another issue that he emphasizes in nature everything has holes that makes the structures lighter and prevents use of unnecessary amount of material. He translates this information to the furnitures as you can see the chair on top.

 

MAXXI Exhibition – The NOE Project SCI // Guillermo Acuña Arquitectos Asociados

ALLESTIMENTO

Recently I visited MAXXI National Museum of XXI Century Arts in Rome. The exhibition of  “ENERGY // Oil and Post-Oil Architecture and Grid” was presenting few projects which I find thrilling in terms of innovation. I will introduce one of them called “The NOE Project SCI” which is not possible to find any online data.

With simple words subject of the project was “the loss of energy while it is being distributed can be prevented by optimizing the positions of the distributors”.

The presentation was happening on 3 different screens. One of them was touchscreen that was standing to control the parameters of the simulation that let you change the positions of the distributors and some other features. The other two screens was mapping how energy flows in those cases that you set.

Now it will write down what was written in the panels which explains the logic much better.

“The extreme polarization between the origin of the energy and its destination is the result of the strategy of an invisibility that organizes it. The loss of energy is a direct result of inadequate geometry of urban network. Whatever the type of energy under consideration, its movement involves a loss, proportional to the energy displaced. The electrical network and its urban wiring system is a perfect example of how city and its loss off residual energy could be paradoxically considered as a central of production and not consumption. In this new idea of productive network, the distance between generation and consumption. disappears to enhance the energy exchange as to optimize their ways and the quality of their movement.”

Thinking the Edge – Water and Culture Istanbul Workshop

In the area that project takes place we realized that social edges are shaping the city living as much as the water. The project was focused on the stitching different social groups that has been consisted from people that they barely share same activities and inner spaces. Lack of interaction between those social groups was defining the edges sharper.

Water was the tool to creata a space for all kinds of living. Main effort of our design was to keep the continuity of the green spaces along the coast and link the sorrounding neighborhoods to the water by maintaining some paths, connections and green spaces.

Small attempts was enough to change the whole scenerio of the area. There is a development that already leads the developments with cultural / leisure functions. Our design concept was based on flexilibity for user to create and participate the way of use of space.

In the area that project takes place we realized that social edges are shaping the city living as much as the water. The project was focused on the stitching different social groups that has been consisted from people that they barely share same activities and inner spaces. Lack of interaction between those social groups was defining the edges sharper.

Water was the tool to creata a space for all kinds of living. Main effort of our design was to keep the continuity of the green spaces along the coast and link the sorrounding neighborhoods to the water by maintaining some paths, connections and green spaces.

Small attempts was enough to change the whole scenerio of the area. There is a development that already leads the developments with cultural / leisure functions. Our design concept was based on flexilibity for user to create and participate the way of use of space.

Reading: “Out Of Control: The New Biology of the Machines, Social Systems, & the Economic World Kevin Kelly”

The book has published in 1994. It includes many gems for architects that can be easily translated as perfect systems. Here is some of parts of the book that i find salient, stunning and can contribute those who work in the field of Biomimitic Architecture.

Some sentences have been cutted, and some parts are the summaries of some sections of the book.

This book is about the marriage of the “born (all that is nature)” and the “made (all that is humanly constructed)”. By extracting the logical principle of both life and the machines and applying each to the task of building extremely complex systems, engineers are conjuring up the contraptions that are both made and alive.

The realm of the “born” and the realm of the “made” are becoming one. Machines are becoming biological and the biological is becoming engineered. For the world of our own making has become so complicated that we must turn to the world of the born to understand how to manage it. That is, the more mechanical we make our fabricated environment, the more biological it will eventually have to be if it is to work at all times. Our technological future is headed toward a neo-biological civilization.
First we took nature’s materials as food, fibers and shelter. Then we learned how to extract raw materials from its biosphere to create our own new synthetic materials. Now we have reached to a point that we need to take its logic. Clockwork logic (the logic of the machines) will only build simple contraptions. Truly complex systems such as a cell, a meadow, an economy or a brain (natural or artificial) require a rigorous non-technological logic. Today’s science and the knowledge clearly show us, there is no logic except “bio-logic” that can assemble a thinking/self-organizing device or even a workable system of any magnitude. At this point, a question emerges for further development. What should we call that common soul between the organic communities we know as organisms and ecologies, and their manufactured parts of robots, economies and computer circuits?

The meanings of “mechanical” and “life” are both stretching until all complicated things can be perceived as machines and all self-sustaining machines can be perceived as alive. Yet it’s a mystery how much life can be transferred. So far, some of the traits of the living that have successfully been transported to mechanical systems are: self-replication, limited self-repair, self-governance, mild evaluation and partial learning. When the union of the born and the made is complete, our fabrications will learn, adapt, heal themselves and evolve. In this sense, it is also similar to individual development of human in his life path.
Basically we seek for mechanical systems to react and to change once we translate the traits of the living and apply them. The change we look for, can be structured. This is what large complex systems do: they coordinate change. When extremely large systems are built up out of complicated systems, then each system begins to influence and ultimately change the organizations of the other systems. That is if the rules of the game are composed from the bottom up, then it is likely that interacting forces at the bottom level will alter the rules of the game as it progresses. Over the time of the rules for change get changed themselves.

In the light of this knowledge, we can reach to an understanding as; the evolution is about how an entity is changed over time, deeper evolution is about how the rules for changing entities change over time.

At that point it can be questioned that even though a building facilitates structures that produces energy such as solar panels, wind panels, if it is a result of heavy fabrication concludes so much energy consumption and waste materials that cannot be a part of life cycles, would it be an efficient building? Smart systems should be result of a strong and simple concept and it should contain a balance between input energy/material and output energy/material.

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