The organic evolution of cities has emerged upon the interaction of people. Cities are the fields of information, structured by streams of motion. One of the fundamental challenges of designing a city is creating optimum solutions for interaction between people and places.
New Concepts of Urban Space
With Covid-19, the world is experiencing a period of unprecedented social change that has placed extraordinary demands on our built environments and on our understanding about how they work, for the people that actively occupy them. Driven by the global pandemic, new concepts of urban space, new policies and new modes of mobility are emerging. This is good time to observe the patterns of human mobility and interaction that cities facilitated before pandemic and to give a significant consideration in the design of new environments after pandemic. There is a great potential to deliver great socially, economically and environmentally sustainable environments.
Those new concepts have a great potential for accessibility for different socio-economic groups.
New Policies and Mobility Patterns
Hillier’s theory of urban emergence looks at the concept of “movement economy”. A space is considered a working urban environment if it makes maximum economy of the movement that passes through it. What happens when the movement in space significantly changes? How spatial organization is affected by it? Lately, new policies and concepts are emerging and they are offering new patterns of mobility.
From Paris to Portland, there is new concept emerging called 15-min city. The concept, which was developed by Sorbonne Professor Carlos Moreno, advocates the creation of a city of neighborhoods, in which residents find everything they need in terms of work, retail and leisure within 15 minutes of their home. It is an idea of a city composed of lived-in, people-friendly, ‘complete’ and connected neighborhoods. It means reconnecting people with their local areas and decentralising city life and services. As cities work towards COVID-19 recovery, the 15-minute city is more relevant than ever as an organising principle for urban development.
More cities are embracing this model to support a deeper, stronger recovery from COVID-19 and to help foster a more local, healthy and sustainable way of life.
Cities generate a great amount of data that present exceptional opportunities to address this challenge. This data can help us understand how to create a new framework that translates this data into rapidly evolving sustainable urban environments.
As urban designers and architects, understanding emerging patterns in cities and coming up with responsive solutions should be our primary responsibility.