DESIGN, ARCHITECTURE

Architecture

Assigning identity and cultural value to the computational design approach.

The cultural values which identify and link local, regional or national communities seem in danger of being overwhelmed by the relentless influence of the globalization of production. The policies are not able to bring cultural values and production back into a balanced ecology. Nonetheless, the information revolution and digital technologies open up architecture and design to unlimited alternative systems and options. The computational technology generates products that conform to the complexity as it enables us to operate the systems in an optimal way. The infinite possibilities of this approach have a potential to fulfill the demands of the new markets with the aim of preserving the cultural values.

The subject of my research is creating a design model by generating (coding) artificial DNA for the buildings that have strong identity and cultural value which is able to integrate with the most recent algorithms available to maximize functionality and efficiency of future buildings. The aim of the project is to design a model to assign identity and cultural value as a constituent to a computer-aided design approach that allows us to produce systems that are highly adaptable and responsive to the constantly changing conditions and needs of all parties. Therefore the main question of the research is: ”How can identity and cultural values in architecture be captured in a computational model?”

I will construct my research on design science methodology since the aim of the research is to create an innovative, purposeful artefact to preserving the cultural values in danger. During the my research, I plan to do a significant amount of data collection in all relevant disciplines. This phase also involves the generation of diagrams for the construction of the model. In the second year, I will focus on constructing the model, and the task will consist of making analyses using computational processes. After this period, I expect to have a model to improve and support it with empirical methods. It aims to integrate the model with some algorithms that have been proven to be efficient in the field of design by simulating series of dynamic scenarios. I expect to reach outcomes that effectively target both technology-oriented and management-oriented audiences.

References

Gero, J., S., Mary Maher, M., L. , ‘Computational and cognitive models of creative design VI : reprints of International Conference of Computational and Cognitive Models of Creative Design VI’, University of Sydney, 2005.
Hevner, A., March, S., Park, J., and Ram, S. ‘Design Science in Information Systems Research’, MIS Quarterly (28:1), 2004.
Parisi, L., ‘Contagious Architecture: Computation, Aesthetics, and Space’, MIT Press, 2013.
Menges, A., Ahlquist, S., ‘Computation Design Thinking’, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 2011.
Rifkin, J., ‘The Age of Access: The New Politics of Culture vs. Commerce’, Open University Press, 2000.
Kelly, K., ‘Out Of Control: The New Biology of the Machines, Social Systems, & the Economic World’, Fourth Estate, 1995.
Peters, B., Peters, T., ‘Inside Smartgeometry: Expanding the Architectural Possibilities of Computational Design’, Wiley, 2013.
Ess, C., Sudweeks, F., ’Culture, Technology, Communication: Towards an Intercultural Global Village’, Suny Press, 2001.
The United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization ‘UNESCO World Report: Investing in Cultural Diversity and Intercultural Dialogue’, 2009.
Lefaivre L., Tzonis A., ‘Architecture of Regionalism in the Age of Globalization: Peaks and Valleys in the Flat World’, Routledge, 2011.
Savage, M., Bagnall, G., Longhurst, B. J., ‘Globalization and Belonging’, Sage, 2005.
Arnett, J. J., ‘The psychology of globalization’, American Psychologist, Vol 57(10), 2002. Wines, J., ‘Green Architecture’, Taschen America, 1999.
Theodore, R., ‘The Voice of the Earth’, Phanes Press, 2nd edition, 2001.

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What is Green Building? 10 Features of an Eco-Friendly Building

What is green building? Eco-friendly buildings and sustainability is not a subject only architects or engineers are familiar with anymore. Alienation from nature resulted as environmental crisis, physical and mental disorders that humanity faces. It brought a high level of consciousness in society. So this concept has emerged from the realization of the consequences of formalist design which is not in harmony with the environment. There are hundreds of publications on this subject but this text covers the simple explanation of the concept and philosophy by introducing its characteristics. Here is some principles that we can evaluate the quality of a green/eco-friendly building:

  1. Integration between landscape and architecture (Building should be in harmony with the landscape with its scale and the construction material. Material should abide by as it was taken from that area and the building should not dominate the territory with its scale.)
  2. Environmental analyses (Building should be in harmony the soil, the wind and the solar analyses)
  3. Preservation of the nature
  4. Energy efficiency
  5. Use of recycled materials 
  6. Recycling of buildings (adaptive re-use, renovation of existing)
  7. Use of fully eco-friendly materials (Material should not contain harmful chemicals or toxic wastes that may release in production process.)
  8. Low maintenance
  9. Harvested wood (avoid any other to prevent deforestation)
  10. Use of technology and innovations (use of smart material)

Sea Ranch Chapel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sea Ranch Chapel – California

Schlumberger Research Laboratories

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Schlumberger Research Laboratories – Texas

Bonus: Here is a great video of Catherine Mohr about how to design a eco-friendly

house. https://www.ted.com/talks/catherine_mohr_builds_green#t-282600


Advanced Design and Digital Architecture // The Master Book // Gizem Akgün

I completed my book “Advanced Design and Digital Architecture” few months ago.  It contains the investigations, experiments and the findings that has been made in the progress of two modules that the master study is formed from, both focused on different approaches in design. I organized the index and the chapters to explain the philosophy clearly, to describe how each step links to the others. Each step provides a raw material to process for the next step, and the material evolves in each step to reach the emergent system that is able to answer for complex conditions.

With the order that I have attended to master course the first module which is called CODELAB is a process of understanding the principles of computer aided design and architecture, philosophy of parametric architecture and studying with advanced software. Second module which is called BIODELAB focuses on natural forms and geometries, biomimicry and translation of biological data to architecture by using complex parameters with advanced software.

Here there are few pages of hard copy of it.


Why Computational Design?

I came across of an interview of Patrik Schumacher (Zaha Hadid Architects) He is one of the architects that should be read by all architecture students. Even if you totally disagree he makes you think if there may be another ways to approach architecture. The question that was asked is simple. But it still remains as one of the main discussion subjects in architecture.

He was asked about the trend that computational design is becoming highly preferred to build a career by young architects. He said

“….what makes it more productive, and that’s mainly the capacity to create more complex arrangements where more different elements, different kinds of spaces, different functions can come together and can fit into complex types, which have, maybe, an odd geometry and this style allows the architecture to adapt to these complex conditions, and also, particulary complex internal relations, while at the same time, also creating a recognizable unity, you can recognize what belongs together, what leads to where, rather than in traditional architecture where if you put too many different things together, it will look like garbage, it will become a bit odd. But here, in one place, you have the capacity to create a more complex order which is also more legible.”

In my words, complexity of the systems in computational architecture emerges itself to handle different problems or to optimize the conditions for the most efficient and effective. I see that computational design and architecture have been taken as a trend, to create sophisticated forms by some young architects, but in contrast, it is a philosophy to handle complexity that we face today’s life by using technology and innovation.


MAXXI Exhibition – The NOE Project SCI // Guillermo Acuña Arquitectos Asociados

ALLESTIMENTO

Recently I visited MAXXI National Museum of XXI Century Arts in Rome. The exhibition of  “ENERGY // Oil and Post-Oil Architecture and Grid” was presenting few projects which I find thrilling in terms of innovation. I will introduce one of them called “The NOE Project SCI” which is not possible to find any online data.

With simple words subject of the project was “the loss of energy while it is being distributed can be prevented by optimizing the positions of the distributors”.

The presentation was happening on 3 different screens. One of them was touchscreen that was standing to control the parameters of the simulation that let you change the positions of the distributors and some other features. The other two screens was mapping how energy flows in those cases that you set.

Now it will write down what was written in the panels which explains the logic much better.

“The extreme polarization between the origin of the energy and its destination is the result of the strategy of an invisibility that organizes it. The loss of energy is a direct result of inadequate geometry of urban network. Whatever the type of energy under consideration, its movement involves a loss, proportional to the energy displaced. The electrical network and its urban wiring system is a perfect example of how city and its loss off residual energy could be paradoxically considered as a central of production and not consumption. In this new idea of productive network, the distance between generation and consumption. disappears to enhance the energy exchange as to optimize their ways and the quality of their movement.”


Thinking the Edge – Water and Culture Istanbul Workshop

In the area that project takes place we realized that social edges are shaping the city living as much as the water. The project was focused on the stitching different social groups that has been consisted from people that they barely share same activities and inner spaces. Lack of interaction between those social groups was defining the edges sharper.

Water was the tool to creata a space for all kinds of living. Main effort of our design was to keep the continuity of the green spaces along the coast and link the sorrounding neighborhoods to the water by maintaining some paths, connections and green spaces.

Small attempts was enough to change the whole scenerio of the area. There is a development that already leads the developments with cultural / leisure functions. Our design concept was based on flexilibity for user to create and participate the way of use of space.

In the area that project takes place we realized that social edges are shaping the city living as much as the water. The project was focused on the stitching different social groups that has been consisted from people that they barely share same activities and inner spaces. Lack of interaction between those social groups was defining the edges sharper.

Water was the tool to creata a space for all kinds of living. Main effort of our design was to keep the continuity of the green spaces along the coast and link the sorrounding neighborhoods to the water by maintaining some paths, connections and green spaces.

Small attempts was enough to change the whole scenerio of the area. There is a development that already leads the developments with cultural / leisure functions. Our design concept was based on flexilibity for user to create and participate the way of use of space.


Reading: “Out Of Control: The New Biology of the Machines, Social Systems, & the Economic World Kevin Kelly”

The book has published in 1994. It includes many gems for architects that can be easily translated as perfect systems. Here is some of parts of the book that i find salient, stunning and can contribute those who work in the field of Biomimitic Architecture.

Some sentences have been cutted, and some parts are the summaries of some sections of the book.

This book is about the marriage of the “born (all that is nature)” and the “made (all that is humanly constructed)”. By extracting the logical principle of both life and the machines and applying each to the task of building extremely complex systems, engineers are conjuring up the contraptions that are both made and alive.

The realm of the “born” and the realm of the “made” are becoming one. Machines are becoming biological and the biological is becoming engineered. For the world of our own making has become so complicated that we must turn to the world of the born to understand how to manage it. That is, the more mechanical we make our fabricated environment, the more biological it will eventually have to be if it is to work at all times. Our technological future is headed toward a neo-biological civilization.
First we took nature’s materials as food, fibers and shelter. Then we learned how to extract raw materials from its biosphere to create our own new synthetic materials. Now we have reached to a point that we need to take its logic. Clockwork logic (the logic of the machines) will only build simple contraptions. Truly complex systems such as a cell, a meadow, an economy or a brain (natural or artificial) require a rigorous non-technological logic. Today’s science and the knowledge clearly show us, there is no logic except “bio-logic” that can assemble a thinking/self-organizing device or even a workable system of any magnitude. At this point, a question emerges for further development. What should we call that common soul between the organic communities we know as organisms and ecologies, and their manufactured parts of robots, economies and computer circuits?

The meanings of “mechanical” and “life” are both stretching until all complicated things can be perceived as machines and all self-sustaining machines can be perceived as alive. Yet it’s a mystery how much life can be transferred. So far, some of the traits of the living that have successfully been transported to mechanical systems are: self-replication, limited self-repair, self-governance, mild evaluation and partial learning. When the union of the born and the made is complete, our fabrications will learn, adapt, heal themselves and evolve. In this sense, it is also similar to individual development of human in his life path.
Basically we seek for mechanical systems to react and to change once we translate the traits of the living and apply them. The change we look for, can be structured. This is what large complex systems do: they coordinate change. When extremely large systems are built up out of complicated systems, then each system begins to influence and ultimately change the organizations of the other systems. That is if the rules of the game are composed from the bottom up, then it is likely that interacting forces at the bottom level will alter the rules of the game as it progresses. Over the time of the rules for change get changed themselves.

In the light of this knowledge, we can reach to an understanding as; the evolution is about how an entity is changed over time, deeper evolution is about how the rules for changing entities change over time.

At that point it can be questioned that even though a building facilitates structures that produces energy such as solar panels, wind panels, if it is a result of heavy fabrication concludes so much energy consumption and waste materials that cannot be a part of life cycles, would it be an efficient building? Smart systems should be result of a strong and simple concept and it should contain a balance between input energy/material and output energy/material.