What is Green Building? 10 Features of an Eco-Friendly Building

What is green building? Eco-friendly buildings and sustainability is not a subject only architects or engineers are familiar with anymore. Alienation from nature resulted as environmental crisis, physical and mental disorders that humanity faces. It brought a high level of consciousness in society. So this concept has emerged from the realization of the consequences of formalist design which is not in harmony with the environment. There are hundreds of publications on this subject but this text covers the simple explanation of the concept and philosophy by introducing its characteristics. Here is some principles that we can evaluate the quality of a green/eco-friendly building:

  1. Integration between landscape and architecture (Building should be in harmony with the landscape with its scale and the construction material. Material should abide by as it was taken from that area and the building should not dominate the territory with its scale.)
  2. Environmental analyses (Building should be in harmony the soil, the wind and the solar analyses)
  3. Preservation of the nature
  4. Energy efficiency
  5. Use of recycled materials 
  6. Recycling of buildings (adaptive re-use, renovation of existing)
  7. Use of fully eco-friendly materials (Material should not contain harmful chemicals or toxic wastes that may release in production process.)
  8. Low maintenance
  9. Harvested wood (avoid any other to prevent deforestation)
  10. Use of technology and innovations (use of smart material)

Sea Ranch Chapel










Sea Ranch Chapel – California

Schlumberger Research Laboratories










Schlumberger Research Laboratories – Texas

Bonus: Here is a great video of Catherine Mohr about how to design a eco-friendly



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